The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars between two different branches of the House of Plantagenet, who both thought they had valid claims to the throne. The first Tudor monarch, Henry VII, united these two houses and his reign saw the end of civil war.
But how much do you know about this period of history?
Test yourself on the Wars of the Roses with this fun quiz.
#1. The Wars of the Roses were a series of dynastic wars fought between these two royal houses....
Select all that apply:
#2. Richard, Duke of York, and Henry VI were descended from different sons of this 14th century king...
#3. Henry VI married this strong-willed woman as part of a truce between England and France...
#4. Which battle was the first battle of the Wars of the Roses and was fought in 1455?
#5. This man became Protector of the Realm for Henry VI in 1453 when the king had a breakdown.
#6. Which battle saw the death of Richard, Duke of York?
#7. Which was the longest and bloodiest battle of the Wars of the Roses?
#8. In 1461, Henry VI was deposed and Edward IV became king, but who was the main who helped him get there - the man known as the Kingmaker?
#9. The Kingmaker and Edward IV's brother, George, Duke of Clarence, turned against the king and defeated Edward's forces at this battle in 1469.
#10. Which battle saw the death of Henry VI's son and heir and the capturing of Margaret of Anjou, and led to the restoration of Edward IV?
#11. In which year did Edward IV die, leaving the throne to his young son, Edward V?
#12. Edward V's uncle, Richard, Duke of Gloucester, took the throne claiming that Edward V was illegitimate - why?
#13. Which battle in 1487 is now accepted as the final battle of the Wars of the Roses?