Although Sir Francis Drake and Lord Howard of Effingham should be given credit for the English fleet's successful tactics, much of England's victory was down to the weather, the 'Protestant Wind' which scattered the Spanish fleet and caused damage to their ships. King Philip II of Spain commented on the defeat of his fleet, saying "I sent you out to war with men, not with the wind and waves", recognising that it was the weather and not any shortcomings of his commanders who were to blame for England's victory. The wind had helped the English navy at the Battle of Gravelines because the Spanish fleet kept being driven into shallow water and then on 30th July 1588 the wind changed direction and forced the remaining Spanish ships northwards and to scatter.
Elizabeth I also recognised that England's victory was down to the weather but she believed that it was because God was on England's side. A special medal was struck to commemorate England's victory. The medal was inscribed with the words Flavit Jehovah et Dissipati Sunt – "God blew and they were scattered". The defeat of the Spanish Armada was a divine victory, or so the English people believed.