The Tudor Society

Robert Dudley’s Last Letter

Robert Dudley 591px-Nicholas_Hilliard_005On 28th August 1588, an ill Robert Dudley, Earl of Leicester, wrote his final letter to his queen and childhood friend, Elizabeth I. He wrote it from the home of Lady Norreys at Rycote, where he was staying on his way to Buxton, to take the waters there. It read:

"I most humbly beseech your Majesty to pardon your poor old servant to be thus bold in sending to know how my gracious lady doth, and what ease of her late pains she finds, being the chiefest thing in this world I do pray for, for her to have good health and long life. For my own poor case, I continue still your medicine and find that (it) amends much better than with any other thing that hath been given me. Thus hoping to find perfect cure at the bath, with the continuance of my wonted prayer for your Majesty's most happy preservation, I humbly kiss your foot. From your old lodging at Rycote, this Thursday morning, ready to take on my Journey, by your Majesty's most faithful and obedient servant,

R. Leicester"1

He added a postscript:

"Even as I had writ thus much, I received Your Majesty's token by Young Tracey."

Leicester died at his lodge at Cornbury, near Woodstock in Oxfordshire, while still on his way to Buxton on 4th September 1588.

At her own death in 1603, this letter was found in the special treasure or keepsake box Elizabeth kept at her bedside. It had been marked by Elizabeth "His Last Letter".

Tudor Society members can find out more about Elizabeth I's reaction to Leicester's death in my video Robert Dudley: His Last Letter.


  1. Letter from the Earl of Leicester to Elizabeth I, 29th August 1588, SP 12/215 f.114, National Archives - A photo of the original letter can be seen at

There are 10 comments Go To Comment

  1. R

    What a romance. ..and so sad…
    Even at an advancing age they could not profess their love for each other..

  2. G

    Where is the letter today? Does it still exist?

    1. C - Post Author

      Yes, it’s in the National Archives. You can see a photo of it at
      I’ve added the citation to the article above.

      1. G

        Thanks. It’s amazing some of the things that have survived time.

  3. J

    I am an admirer of Elizabeth I.

    1. C - Post Author

      She is certainly a fascinating lady and queen.

  4. M

    He actually was quite handsome! Such a very good looking portrait, no wonder she was so taken with him for her entire life. Aside from his endlessly charming personality I’m sure 😉

  5. S

    This letter breaks my heart every time.
    I do have a question: Who was that young Tracey mentioned in the letter?

  6. D

    This is so awesome!! It does break my heart for her to!!

  7. E

    Portrait has his hair blond or red. Philippa Gregory’s The Virgin’s Lover describes him as black haired and w dark complexion.

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Robert Dudley’s Last Letter