The Tudor Society

8 December 1542 – Birth of Mary, Queen of Scots

Mary_Queen_of_Scots_by_Nicholas_Hilliard_1578On this day in history, 8th December 1542, Elizabeth I's nemesis, Mary, Queen of Scots, was born at Linlithgow Palace in Scotland.

Mary, Queen of Scots was the daughter of James V of Scotland and his second wife, Mary of Guise, and the granddaughter of Margaret Tudor (Henry VIII’s sister) and James IV of Scotland. On the 14th December, when she was just six days old, Mary became Queen of Scotland after her father died of a fever. She was crowned Queen on 9th September 1543 at Stirling Castle. As Mary was a baby, James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Arran, acted as regent until 1554 when he surrendered the regency to Mary’s mother, Mary of Guise, who acted as regent until her death in 1560.


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8 December 1542 – Birth of Mary, Queen of Scots