The Battle of Lepanto was fought between the Holy League, Christian forces led by Don Juan of Austria, and the Ottoman Empire, whose fleet were commanded by Uluch Ali, Mohammed Saulak and Ali Pasha.
The Ottomans Turks had been attempting to capture the Venetian ruled island of Cyprus.
The Holy League were victorious, and the Encyclopaedia Britannica says of the Battle, "The battle marked the first significant victory for a Christian naval force over a Turkish fleet and the climax of the age of galley warfare in the Mediterranean."
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Image: The Allegory of the Battle of Lepanto by Paolo Veronese .