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13 December 1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets off on his circumnavigation of the Globe

Francis DrakeOn 13th December 1577, Sir Francis Drake finally left Plymouth with his fleet of five ships on a journey which would see him circumnavigating the Globe. Storm damage to two of his ships had scuppered earlier plans.

The purpose of this journey was to sail into the Pacific and raid the Spanish colonies there. It was a secret mission authorised by Queen Elizabeth I and investors of Drake’s mission included the Queen, Sir Francis Walsingham, William and George Wynter, Christopher Hatton and John Hawkins.

Only one ship, the Pelican, made it safely to the Pacific, arriving there in October 1578. As a tribute to its success it was renamed the Golden Hind, after Sir Christopher Hatton's coat of arms. Drake sailed along South America's Pacific coast, plundering towns and Spanish ports, and capturing Spanish ships laden with gold, silver and jewels. In June 1579, Drake landed just north of Point Loma (present day San Diego, California), which was Spain's northernmost holding in the Americas. He claimed it for England in the name of the Holy Trinity and called it Nova Albion, "New Britain". He then turned south and made his way back home, arriving in England in September 1580. He was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the Globe.

(Taken from On This Day in Tudor History by Claire Ridgway)

There are 3 comments Go To Comment

  1. Matthew /

    I’m doing a school project on the Renaissance, and although I really wanted to use this website as a source, ]I couldn’t find the publisher. I wasn’t sure if it was the Tudor Society or something else. Please respond as soon as you can. Thanks so much!

    1. Claire Ridgway / Post Author

      Hi Matthew,
      Yes, the publisher is the Tudor Society and unless otherwise stated the articles are written by Claire Ridgway, founder of the Tudor Society. Good luck with your project!

  2. Barbora Bell /

    That was a fascinating program. Live near Point Reyes and hiked there many times.
    Would be cool if that was to be confirmed as the place of his landing! 🙂
    Thank you Claire.

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13 December 1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets off on his circumnavigation of the Globe

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